Only businesses established and operating under the Law on Enterprises and satisfying conditions on goods import, export, processing and trading agency with foreign parties specified in the Commercial Law would be allowed to export minerals.
This is provided in a draft circular on mineral export conditions recently released by the Ministry of Industry and Trade for public comment.
The draft goes on to say that mineral export licenses would not be granted to those that have committed violation of the laws on minerals, mineral export and environmental protection or have been suspended from export activities.
To-be-exported minerals must be named on the list of those eligible for export, have lawful origin and be processed up to quality standards.
Particularly, minerals of a thorium or uranium concentration of 0.05 percent or more by weight would be subject to export licensing by the Ministry of Science and Technology in accordance with the Law on Nuclear Energy.
When carrying out export procedures, in addition to the customs dossier prescribed by the customs law, mineral exporters would prepare a quality declaration or standard conformity analysis certificate for each export consignment. Documents proving the lawful origin of exported minerals would also be required. At the same time, exporters would have to report on their previous mineral export volumes.
Before allowing customs clearance, customs offices would take samples of each mineral consignment for testing at Vietnam Laboratory Accreditation Scheme (VILAS) labs when necessary. Exporters would have to bear all testing costs. If testing results do not consist with businesses’ declarations, customs offices would report the violation to provincial-level People’s Committees and the Ministry of Industry and Trade for coordinated handling. Violators would be punished according to current regulations and disallowed to export minerals until the Ministry of Industry and Trade lifts the ban.
Four kinds of minerals permitted for export on a limited basis by 2020 include type-1 and -2 titanium slag, reverted ilmenite, artificial/synthetic rutile and white-marble lumps.